Thermoelectric generators

The thermo-generator operation is based on Seebeck effect, which was discovered in 1821 and found practical applications in current sources used for researching galvanic processes as well as different electrical processes and effects.
The practical application of thermo-generator was developed in the 1950s as self-contained current sources used in districts which lacked centralized electricity supply.
Rapid development of thermo-electric energetics began at the time of space exploration. Until then they used radio isotopic thermo-generators in space ships as current sources. At the same time, they were used for electrical supply of cathodic protection of main gas pipeline.

Advantages of thermogenerators:

• static single-stage system of first Type conversion, absence of moving parts.
• long operational life without service.
• the possibility to use heat from any source of thermal energy;
• capability to operate irrespective of spatial attitude;
• independence from environment (space, water, earth), in which the thermo-generator

Fields of application:

• in industry, used in self-contained current sources on main gas pipelines, for consumer
supply, that is located in far and hard-to-reach areas of highlands and the far north
(clearing marks, weather stations and etc.);
• for Deep Space research (radio-isotopic generators and nuclear thermoelectric facilities);
• in medical use as cardio-stimulators;
• in household use as self-contained current sources.

Perspectives for development in the future:

• electrical power sources for Space and World ocean research;
• self-contained power sources for appliances, serving main gas pipelines;
• applications in small-scale power generation.

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Термоэлектрические генераторы


The thermogenerator operates via Seebeck effect which was discovered in 1821. Over time it became practically applied in current sources which were used for research of galvanic process, various electrical processes and phenomena. In the 50s of the 20th century thermogenerators became practically applied as self-contained power sources used in the areas without centralized power supply. The time of space exploration paved the way for the thermoelectric energy development. It was then when radioisotopicthermogenerators were used as power sources for space modules. At that very time thermogenerator was used as a power source for  cathodic protection for the main gasline. The thermogenerators advantages include: static single-step system of first category conversion, lack of moving parts; long maintenance-free life; possibility to receive heat from all types of thermal energy sources; operation regardless of the location; independence from the environment (space, water, ground) in which the thermogenerator is used. Application fields : industrial application includes usage as self-contained power sources on main gaslines; as a source of power suppy for consumers living in remote and hard-to-reach mountainous areas and in the areas of the high north (leading marks, weather stations etc.); used in the field of deep space exploration (radioisotope generators and nuclear thermoelectric installations); in medical fields used as cardioaccelerators; in everyday life used as self-contained power sources. Possible future use includes: current sources during space and ocean explorations; as a self-contained power supply for the main gaslineequipment ;used in small scale power generation.  

Thermoelectric gas generator


The thermoelectric gas generator (TGG) is a power supply of electric energy, which it generates by thermoelectric conversion, based on the Zeebeck phenomenon, at the expense of direct heat conversion, received by fuel combustion,into electric energy.

Thermogenerating battery


The Thermogenerating battery is intended for converting thermal energy into electricity (via the Seebeck effect).
The TB is a finished product and it is used for manufacturing self-contained sources of electrical supply.